Indeed, keep learning skills
Tons of things you can learn easily
concrete and aggregate
material science engineering
Reminder today at 1pm Eastern Time.
Lesson 5: Extreme Weather
For Part A use #extremeweather hashtag in @AzazelNews or @AbracadabraAzazel
The viewpoints I understand
2 ways out, one money, two meritocracy (skills based)
It’s all about aiming high for the stars!
I cant wait…sitting on 80lb of propane
Rather you have it then not
You made Comrade Bear your user profile
What an Anti-meritocracy shit show
The Day of Knowledge ended yesterday and today in Minsk as usual - with beatings by riot police
Now Lukashenko fascists hunt even children!
There is no differently during shitty Soviet pseudo-democracy
Праздник Знаний вчера и сегодня в Минске закончился как обычно - пиzдюлями от ОМОНа
По другому при совковой дерьмократии и не бывает
The EU needs a new plan for Belarus and the rest of Eastern Europe, former Ukrainian Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk wrote in a column for the Financial Times
Unlike the West, Russia has a clear understanding of what it wants to see the former Soviet republics — fully controlled by Kremlin. The only way to deal with “Russian problem” is to truly reach out to Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine and show them that EU and NATO membership is possible.
Yatsenyuk believes that Europe needs to leave the illusion that relations with Russia can be reset — this is useless under the regime of Vladimir Putin.
Евросоюзу нужен новый план в отношении Белоруссии и остальной Восточной Европы, написал бывший премьер Украины Арсений Яценюк в колонке для Financial Times.
В отличие от Запада, у России есть четкое понимание, какими она хочет видеть бывшие советские республики — полностью подконтрольными Кремлю. Единственное средство справиться с «российской проблемой» — по-настоящему протянуть руку Белоруссии, Грузии, Молдове и Украине, и показать им, что членство в ЕС и НАТО возможно.
Яценюк считает, что Европе нужно оставить иллюзии, что отношения с Россией можно перезагрузить — при режиме Владимира Путина это бесполезно.
A healthy-sized chunk of space rock is expected to pass closer than the moon on September 1, 2020. There is uncertainty in its orbit, but scientists say it will not hit our planet. Asteroid 2011 ES4 is expected to pass at somewhere around 30% of the Earth-moon distance. But it might pass farther – far outside the moon’s orbit – as far as 3.4 lunar distances. Or it might pass closer, as close as 0.19 lunar distances. “The asteroid approached undetected from the direction of the sun,” Paul Chodas, the director of NASA’s Center for Near Earth Object Studies, told Business Insider. “We didn’t see it coming.”
NASA and FEMA prepare for Sept 20 Asteroid impact in California, off coast: Documents reveal. The question we must now ask is: will the drill go live? Actual asteroid to make its close approach to Earth on Sept 20. NASA Asteroid Watch: “There are no currently ongoing drills or exercises involving asteroid impact, but we do occasionally do exercises with the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to be prepared for if and when a possible threat may arise. Always be prepared!” Mortoq2 on Twitter: “Then why the planned asteroid drills around that time on west coast? Just practice? Serious question thanks.” Michael Salla: “Asteroid Impact drill set for Sept 20, 2020 involves NASA, FEMA, USAF, et al. All major False Flag attacks, Sept 11, 2001, New York/Washington & July 7, 2007, London, were preceded by drills.” Aussie.Hodl: “An asteroid impact drill is set for Sep 20, 2020 by FEMA, NASA, USAF and other agencies.” NASA in 2019: “Fire drill. Earthquake drill. Tornado drill. Asteroid drill. We like to be prepared. While Earth is safe from all known asteroids, this week we’re joining our partners to practice what to do if in a different situation.” Links to document covering exercise activities.
Mars colony would be a hedge against World War III, Elon Musk says. “Humanity’s brutal and bellicose past provides ample justification for pursuing settlements on the moon and Mars.”
Professor Valentina Zharkova: "We Entered the ‘Modern’ Grand Solar Minimum on June 8, 2020.” Zharkova’s analysis suggests that a repeat of a Maunder Minimum-style spell of global cooling will run through 2020–2053.
Researchers to investigate the strange world of Covid dreams. Vivid and more frequent dreams during the pandemic are not just a topic of idle chatter – cognitive neuroscientists, psychologists and philosophers are also interested.
Leaked email reveals CVS district leader instructed pharmacy staff not to tell patients their medications were filled by someone who tested positive for COVID-19. A CVS technician said a district leader threatened to fire staff if they told patients their medications were filled by a COVID-19-positive worker.
Giant new 50-meter deep crater opens up in Arctic tundra. Blocks of soil and ice thrown hundreds of meters from epicenter of the funnel at the Yamal peninsula.
Germany says topological exams have yielded unequivocal proof that Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny has fallen victim to Novichok poisoning. Berlin calls attack on Russian opposition leader an “astounding act” and demands an urgent explanation from Moscow.
U.S.-Russia military tensions intensify in the air and on the ground worldwide. Recent altercations in Europe, the Middle East and off the coast of Alaska have heightened tensions between the two rival powers.
Facebook thwarted Russia’s disinformation campaign ahead of the US elections. The trolls set up a fake news site and recruited American journalists to criticize Biden. Specialists from the “troll factory” created a network of fake Facebook accounts through which they hired about 200 journalists to write critical articles about Joe Biden and vice-presidential candidate Kamala Harris. Obviously, their goal was to reduce the support of the Democrats from the left voters. Facebook thwarted the scheme on a tip from the FBI, while only 13 profiles were involved. The site, created by the trolls, was called Peace Data and presented itself an international news agency. Fake content has focused on riots and protests in the United States, starting with the assassination of George Floyd. At the same time, Trump drops all charges from Prigozhin’s office, after which Interpol stops pursuing Prigozhin’s ”troll factories.”
A United States defense department report says China plans to double its nuclear weaponry in the next decade. It is believed to have 200 warheads but that is a small fraction of what the US has in its arsenal.
Prague lodges stern protest over China’s threat towards Czech senate president. Chinese foreign minister says Czech Senate leader Vystrcil will ‘pay heavy price’ for visiting Taiwan.
Taiwan is going to issue new passports emphasizing its independent identity and downgrading connections with Communist China. The foreign ministry on Wednesday released images of the new document that features “Taiwan” in large capital letters on its cover and minimizes the English wording “Republic of China,” the island’s official name according to its constitution.
China has the world’s largest navy. And it’s getting better, Pentagon warns. China’s navy is growing in quality as well as quantity.
As China faces severe food crisis, Xi Jinping regime adopts censorship to tackle problem. China is suffering from a severe food crisis. The food prices in China have been shot up, adding to the miseries of the citizens, but the communist regime once again has adopted censorship, not to curb dissent this time, but to overcome its food crisis. Severe flooding, insect infestation, and COVID-19 may be contributing to a food shortage.
The curious link behind China’s Ladakh moves and a looming food crisis. Chinese president Xi Jinping’s focus on the crash diet had immediately set off speculation that his government expects its food supply to get worse.
How China uses trade as a lever for coercive diplomacy. The report looks at the CCP’s methods of coercive diplomacy under eight categories: arbitrary detention, restrictions on official travel, investment restrictions, trade restrictions, tourism restrictions, popular boycotts, pressure on specific companies, and state-issued threats. The most common method used by the CCP against foreign governments has been state-issued threats. Warnings of ‘countermeasures’, ‘retaliation’, ‘pain’ and ‘the right to further react’ made by Chinese diplomats, embassies, ministries and state-run media have become all too familiar. The issuing of such threats is the quickest and most cost-effective form of coercive diplomacy and carries the lowest risk to the CCP’s own interests, making it ideal to deploy immediately to address state conduct it wants to stop.
A Beijing mansion belonging to movie star Jackie Chan has been seized by authorities and is now being put up for auction. Details are still thin, but some analysts believe Jackie Chan may have been targeted for alleged tax evasion, related to promotions he did from 2006 to 2008 for a land company in Beijing, which paid him 20.6 million renminbi that was directly converted into credit for his purchase. Yet, questions are being raised on why now, given that Jackie Chan’s family lived in the home for 13 years. And why have Beijing authorities seemingly ignored Jackie Chan’s influence in China, Hong Kong, and even in the United States, especially given his relatively positive stance on the Chinese leadership, in order to seize and auction his mansion. The move may be related to factional battles within the Party. Jackie Chan’s ties are through the network of former vice-chairman Zeng Qinghong, who was under the Jiang Faction. This is the main faction fighting with the faction of Xi Jinping, the current head of the Party. The timing of this move appears to be related to the recent end of the Party’s high-level Beidaihe meeting, after which Xi Jinping launched new purges targeted areas of society still controlled by the Jiang faction.
Students in Inner Mongolia protest at China’s plans to bring in Mandarin-only lessons. Inner Mongolia regional education bureau sought on Monday to reassure parents by issuing statement vowing to limit the changes to only three subjects: language and literature, politics, and history. But today army armored personnel carriers ZBL-08 appeared on the streets of the cities of Inner Mongolia. Since Xi came to power, CCP increased efforts to assimilate many ethnic minorities. While China forces the Chinese language onto students in Inner Mongolia, Mongolian elders write back in protest.
China halts poultry imports from Tyson plant after workers test positive for Covid-19. All shipments that have arrived or are en route will be temporarily detained, customs agency says.
Singapore battles record dengue outbreak with more mosquitoes. From the high balcony of a Singapore public housing block, an environment official steadies his mosquito launcher, the latest contraption authorities have devised to combat a record outbreak of the tropical disease dengue. With the click of a button and a whirr of a fan, a hatch opens and 150 lab-reared male mosquitoes are sent flying, off in search of a female companion with whom they can mate but not reproduce. The dengue virus, which in rare cases can be fatal, is carried and spread to humans by infected mosquitoes. But Singapore’s specially bred mosquitoes carry a bacteria that prevents eggs from hatching, and “compete with the wild type,” leading to “a gradual reduction of the mosquito population” Singapore - a tiny Southeast Asian island nation of 5.7 million people - has recorded more than 26,000 dengue cases this year, surpassing the previous annual record of around 22,000 in 2013 with four months still remaining. Twenty people have died of the disease this year, which can cause extreme fever that leads to internal bleeding and shock. By comparison, only 27 people have died of the coronavirus in the city-state out of more than 56,000 infections.
Malaysia will block citizens of India, Indonesia, and the Philippines from entering the country starting Monday. Due to COVID-19 concerns the ban will include visitors with long-term passes, students, expatriates, and permanent residents.
Mohammad Hasan Hotak, senior adviser to Afghan president, was shot by an unknown near his home in Kabul yesterday. The victim was an influential politician in Zabul province and had previously represented her in the country’s Senate. The police qualified this murder as a terrorist attack. This might have been a revenge hit executed by the Taliban for liquidating their warlord Ziyaulhak, who served as the “governor of Mimi district,” and was killed in a clash with the police which had been initiated by the Taliban themselves.
A vehicle bomb exploded in the Al-Sinai district in the center of Ramadi. The explosion took place at a security checkpoint on the main road in the south of Kirkuk, some 250 km north of the Iraqi capital Baghdad, according to the Iraqi Joint Operations Command (JOC). A woman in a passenger car, who was passing through the checkpoint, was killed by the explosion; four more security personnel were injured.
Ethiopian air defense mistakenly shot down a plane with humanitarian aid, mistaking it for a terrorist plane.
Russia to start mass deliveries of coronavirus vaccine next month. The health minister said production was underway in parallel with post-registration monitoring of the vaccine’s effectiveness. An improvised explosive device went off in Zhytomyr region of Ukraine, on the Sokoriki-Behi stretch, during the movement of a freight train that transported 64 carriages with gasoline and diesel fuel from Belarus.
The government of Belarus shut down access to much of the internet during a crucial election this month by using equipment manufactured by a U.S. company to block people’s access to thousands of websites. Sandvine Inc. makes what is known as “deep packet inspection” equipment, used to monitor and filter network traffic. It was obtained by Belarus’s National Traffic Exchange Center, which manages the country’s internet networks, as part of a $2.5 million contract with the Russian technology supplier Jet Infosystems, which supplied the Sandvine equipment, according to government documents and the people. In 2006, the U.S. government placed sanctions on the Belarusian government and prohibited U.S. companies from providing funds, goods or services “for the benefit” of Lukashenko. In 2012, Procera announced that it had worked with Jet Infosystems to provide deep packet inspection equipment in more than 40 cities throughout Russia, which the company described as the first installation of its kind in the country, providing “real-time network visibility and analytics.” In 2017, Sandvine was acquired by California-based private equity firm Francisco Partners in a deal worth $444 million. Francisco Partners then merged Sandvine with Procera Networks, a U.S. company whose commercial relationship with Russia and other countries in the former Soviet Union dates back at least a decade. Citizen Lab, a Toronto-based research group that tracks illegal hacking and surveillance, determined in 2018 that deep packet inspection devices from Sandvine was being against users in Turkey, Syria and Egypt to redirect them from legitimate sites to malicious ones, some containing spyware commonly used by governments. In Egypt and Turkey, the devices were also used to block political, human rights and news content, Citizen Lab found.
Dozens of supporters of Argentinean center-right/right wing opposition, waving Argentinean national flags and Gadsen flags, are gathering in the vicinity of Argentinean congress to protest in rejection of the illegality in the session of deputies where the Judicial Reform that benefits Kirchnerist politicians was held.
Protesters quickly find digital workarounds to document demonstrations and police violence. To remove the block, many protesters used Psiphon, which masks Internet traffic so that it does not fall under the deep packet inspection radar. By August 11, Toronto-based Psiphon Inc. had recorded more than 1.7 million unique users in Belarus, equal to nearly a fifth of the country’s total population.
Canada Free Press: “The whole scam just fell apart: COVID test, overwhelming number of false positives. The PCR isn’t even testing for a particular virus in the first place. It’s using a piece of RNA assumed to be part of a virus. The assumption is unproven.”
How 4,650 mega-basements have been approved for London homes in the past decade so the super-rich can build cinemas, wine cellars and swimming pools. Around 1,000 gyms, 380 pools, 460 cinemas, 380 wine cellars and 120 staff rooms have been uncovered in plans for basements across London between 2008 and 2017.
Trump arrived in Kenosha. A few hours before his arrival, groups of his supporters and opponents began to gather near the district court building. Security, in addition to secret service and police, is provided by members of the National Guard. Trump allocates $1 million to Kenosha police, $4 million to local business owners whose businesses suffered as a result of protests, and $42 million to the state of Wisconsin to expand law enforcement.
Dr. Victoria Coleman, an AI specialist, has been named director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.
NuScale’s small nuclear reactor is first to get US safety approval. Small size can help with economics and safety.
Doorbell cameras like Ring give early warning of police searches, FBI warned. Two leaked documents show how a monitoring tool used by police has been turned against them.
Forty percent of Americans back President Donald Trump’s threat to ban videosharing app TikTok. The responses were largely split along party lines, and many of those who agreed with Trump’s order said they do not know much about TikTok. Among Republicans, for example, 69% said they supported the president’s order while only 32% said they were familiar with the app. Twenty-one percent of Democrats also supported Trump’s order and 46% said they were familiar with TikTok.
Navy SEAL with Harvard medical degree becomes NASA astronaut. Navy Reserve Lt. Jonny Kim, 35, said he plans to draw on his battlefield experiences when he goes into space.
A Navy command and control aircraft on a training flight crashed near the NASA flight center on Wallops Island, VA, service officials said. “The E-2 crashed at approximately 3:50 p.m. The two pilots and two crew members bailed out of the aircraft safely through the main cabin door,” said a Monday evening statement.
Hawkeye fell in a soybean field near the Wallops Island flight facility on Virginia’s Eastern Shore and just south of the Maryland border.
As of August 31, six plane crashes have been officially registered so far, two of them fatal, both in France. On August 30, there were officially seven plane crashes, two fatal (five fatalities - two in Denmark and three in the US. On August 29, there were eighteen plane crashes, five of them fatal (one killed in China, two in Sweden, one in Belgium, and two in the US in two different plane crashes). On August 27 and 28, 25 plane crashes were registered total, six fatalities on each day. A usual crash rate per day globally is somewhere around five to eight. These new numbers since 2019 are extremely high - in the double digits daily. Pilots are spooked.
Airline pilot reports seeing ‘guy in jetpack’ flying near aircraft while approaching LAX runway. An American Airlines pilot reports seeing a mystery person in a jetpack flying high above Los Angeles, right in the path of incoming jets at LAX Sunday evening.
Full containment On SCU Complex expected Thursday; smoke to linger over Bay. Containment lines improved on all the Bay Area wildfires between Sunday and Monday, but the Woodward Fire in rugged parts of western Marin County remains the most difficult to manage.
Following an order from Governor Ron DeSantis, the Florida Department of Health and the Florida Department of Emergency Management are severing all ties with Quest Diagnostics after the lab failed to “follow Florida law and report all COVID-19 results in a timely manner.” In a press release, state officials say Quest failed to report nearly 75,000 results, some of which date back to April. Leaders say the backlog of results were added to Tuesday’s coronavirus report.
Garbage is piling up across major cities as COVID hits sanitation workers. Two of the hardest hit cities are Baltimore and Philadelphia, but pile-ups are also starting to occur in places like Atlanta and Nashville. In Virginia Beach, garbage men demanding hazard pay went on strike for a day, setting the city back several days. In New York City, trash is also adding up in some commercial corridors due to budget cuts.
Chicago gangs form a pact to execute cops who draw weapons on suspects, says FBI. “Members of these gang factions have been actively searching for, and filming, police officers."
A nuclear energy venture founded by Bill Gates said Thursday it hopes to build small nuclear reactors
TerraPower LLC, which Gates founded 14 years ago, and its partner GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy, plan to commercialize stations called Natrium in the United States later this decade, TerraPower’s President and Chief Executive Chris Levesque said.
The 345-megawatt plants would be cooled by liquid sodium and cost about $1 billion each.
By 2050 “we would see hundreds of these reactors around the world,” Levesque said.
Nonproliferation experts have warned that advanced nuclear projects could become targets for attack because their uranium fuel would be more highly enriched and more easily converted to fissile material than conventional fuel.
Gates had initially hoped to build an experimental nuclear plant near Beijing with state-owned China National Nuclear Corp. But last year Trump administration restricted nuclear deals with China.
It is not known who is more fortunate…
Seems Gates decided to surpass Rosatom
@AriesAzazel check private please
“Do I still think there could be Club K’s at play, you bet. As this is tied to Uranium One and the port deal is part of that. “
Remember that “French Missile” aka Club-K
found in Florida which everyone (MSM) stopped talking about.
I agree with Monkey
Invisible War is still in full swing.
Blue, Green, Gold VS Reds
Flyover in Hawaii commemorating the end of WWII is two hours away
The Legacy of Peace Aerial Parade on Wednesday, Sept. 2 will take off from Wheeler Air Force Base and fly over the Battleship Missouri Memorial as part of the 75th WWII Commemoration Ceremony.
The Official 75th Commemoration of the End of WWII will be held on the Fantail of the #USSMissouri. This event is invitation-only and will be live-streamed throughout Hawaii and around the globe.
Click here to learn where to watch it live:
Note: The timestamp at each landmark site estimates the projected appearance of the first aircraft in the parade. It could take as many as 40 minutes for the last aircraft to pass by.
Nods one of many
Wizard: Group of elite OSS, OPS, SPEOP working under the USAP in matters of science and technology including but not limited to physicists, statisticians, strategists, mathematicians, computer scientists, chemists, oceanographers, geologists, atmospheric scientists, materials scientists, aeronautical engineers, electrical engineers, physiologists, biologists and biochemists.
Two mind blowing news:
In the Vologda region, the ambulance could not come to patient because car got stuck in the mud. The doctors had to get to the patient on foot
Vladimir Putin instructed to increase salaries of officials, diplomats and security officials from October 1
Logical — not to waste money on roads and doctors’ salaries!
Instead of building roads, it’s planned to write off $1 billion debts to Belarusian dictator
Две сногсшибательные новости:
В Вологодской области в Грязовецком районе скорая не смогла приехать к больному, потому что машина застряла в грязи. Врачам пришлось шлёпать пешком…
Владимир Путин поручил с 1 октября повысить зарплаты чиновникам, дипломатам и силовикам
Логично — не тратить же деньги на дороги и зарплаты врачей!
Ах, да! Вместо строительства дорог планируется списать $1 млрд долгов белорусскому диктатору
The ambulance is no less impressive than Russian roads! Lol
Starting class in 10 minutes
Lesson 5: Extreme Weather
Part B #extremeweather
How to signal for help in winter:
The best methods are the same year round: fires, flares, or things like large branches spelling out V or X in an open clearing.
Snow can be useful, but isn’t as preferable. You can try stomping out a message in the snow.
Try to get down to dark earth and/or fill it with debris so the letters have a higher contrast against the snow. Or create snow mounds against darker color earth.
In the worst case scenario, you could position snow mounds in such a way that their midday shadows spell out SOS. In areas close to the equator, a north-south line makes a shadow anytime except noon. Areas further north or south of the equator require the use of an east-west line.
Surviving an avalanche:
-Don’t be in the way to begin with.
-Try to get off the moving slab of snow. If you can’t get off it, try to arrest yourself on the bed surface of the avalanche.
-If you are caught and being carried, try to get rid of your gear. Swimming motions might help to keep you near the surface of the slide.
-As the avalanche comes to a stop, use one hand to create an air pocket in front of your face and push your other hand toward where you think the snow surface might be. Do this while you are still moving because once the snow stops you will not be able to move.
-Once you are buried, you now have to rely on your partners to find you. Hopefully you an have avalanche transceiver, probe and shovel, and have practiced with them.
Indoor home winterization:
-Smoke and carbon monoxide detectors: Replace batteries and ensure they work.
-Furnace or boiler: Have it serviced once a year.
-HVAC: Clean or replace furnace intake filters. In the fall, spray HVAC unit with a garden hose to remove dirt, dust, bugs, bird poop. It’s not necessary to cover your unit with a tarp.
-Chimney: If you use your fireplace regularly, consider having it inspected and cleaned. Pay attention to removing creosote buildup from wood stove and fireplace chimneys.
-Heating vents: If you burn things for heat, make sure any exhaust valves outside the house are clear of debris or ice. You don’t want gases building up inside the house.
-Attic: Add extra insulation to prevent ice dams. Ice dams are ridges of ice that form at the edge of a roof and prevent melting snow from draining off the roof. If too much heat escapes into the attic, it can warm the ice and snow on the roof. When it refreezes, it can cause an ice dam, which can lead to water damage inside your home or possibly even a roof collapse. If applicable, block the attic stairwell.
-Weather stripping: Add it around doors. Caulk windows to mitigate drafts and heat loss.
-Water pipes: Check for and fix water leaks immediately.
-Insulate pipes: Wrap water piping, including elbows and turns, in UL-Listed heat tape and insulate if exposed in unheated areas like garages, exterior walls or crawl spaces. Use only thermostatically controlled heat tape if your water piping is plastic.
-Water valve: Know how to turn it off. Consider installing an emergency pressure release valve in your plumbing system in case your pipes freeze.
-Combustible items: Move them away from any heat sources that you’ll likely be using.
-Wells: Using well water? Ensure your pressure tank is insulated if it’s in the garage.
-Electronics: To protect your gear during power outages, make sure your gadgets’ power sources are plugged into surge protectors rather than an outlet. Consider getting an Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS), which can give you 10-30 minutes of power.
-Ceiling fans: Reverse your ceiling fans so they push warm air downwards. Newer models have a switch to run in reverse. On older models, try removing, flipping, and reattaching the fan blades for the same effect.
-Bed canopy: Closing old-school bed canopies can create a heat pocket while you sleep. If you have a four post bed or some other arrangement, consider having thicker canopy sheets ready.
Outdoor home winterization:
-Trees: Trim limbs and remove dead branches. They can damage your home or hurt someone if they fall because of ice, snow, or wind.
-Gutters: Clear them out so melting snow can drain, and ensure downspouts direct water away from the home’s foundation.
-Outdoor vehicles: Winterize for storage your campers, boats, jet skis, and any cabins or properties you may not visit over the winter.
-Driveway: Put up markers if you get your driveway plowed. Plows destroy your yard, landscaping, mailboxes, and such if they go astray
-Garden hose: Disconnect, drain, and store.
-Faucet: Drain, shut off valve (usually inside), and cover with a hard shell.
-Yard: Fertilize your lawn or garden (ideally in the fall) for next season. The idea is to nourish it for winter hibernation, not to make it grow.
-Generator: Ensure it’s working and you have fuel stored.
-Septic: Some people take small steps before winter, like checking lid seals for water leaks. But normal household usage keeps the system flowing fine, so don’t worry about it.
-Roof: If there’s damage to shingles, chimney flashing, or gutters, fix them. An average roof can handle up to four feet of fresh snow before it’s too stressed.
Winter home insurance:
There is no specific winter home insurance product like there is for floods or earthquakes. Homeowners and renters insurance usually covers damage from burst pipes, wind-driven rain, and ice dams on your roof. It usually covers a collapsed roof from the weight of snow or ice.
Water that comes from the top down, such as rainfall and burst sprinklers, is typically covered by a standard homeowners policy, according to the III.
But water that rises from the bottom up, such as an overflowing river, is covered by a separate flood policy, usually through the National Flood Insurance Program. Floods are a big risk during winter, caused by sudden snowmelt, ice jams in rivers, and coastal flooding. When the ground is frozen, it can’t absorb water.
Some home policies cover sewage backups. Some don’t. Check with your insurance company. Melting snow can flood and overwhelm sewer systems. Sewage backed up into the drains in your home can cause thousands of dollars in damage to your home and electrical systems.
Make sure you document your home and belongings as a part of your annual prep review. It can make the insurance process much easier, faster, and more successful.
Before winter, consider hiring a service provider to test your system. They use blower door tests to determine how airtight your house is, as well as infrared cameras to see where heat escapes.
Replace or clean your furnace air filter. Make sure your furnace burners are clear of major dust. Some will burn off when your heater first kicks on, which you might smell. That’s OK. Uncover your vents. Ensure the outdoor exhaust flue is clear from leaves, animal nests, and other debris.
Install a programmable thermostat to manage the heat. The Energy Department and energy company Direct Energy both suggest setting thermostats to 68 F during the day, and 62 F at night for optimal efficiency. Ease into winter. Start off a 72 F during the day, and gradually dial it back 1 degree per week.
Make up for the colder interior temperatures by wearing more layers inside the house — it’s much more cost effective to warm the little bit of air around your body than it is to heat the entire house.
Alternative heating sources to consider:
-Geothermal heat pumps
-Catalytic gas heater
-Small wind systems
-Camping cooking bags
-Create a designated heated room
How extreme cold affects electronics and fuel:
Remember: Warm batteries perform better, and last longer, than cold ones.
Severe cold keeps electrons from getting “excited,” which is how energy is stored and used. Ventev, a wireless charging technology firm, says everything slows down, and the chemicals in batteries can’t hang as long as they usually would.
Thus, cold batteries drain faster than warmer batteries. If you’re dealing with a cold battery, keep it in an interior pocket close to your body to warm it up.
Electronic gadgets vary slightly in how cold they’ll operate. In 2012, PCWorld published a test to see what temperature killed popular smartphones. The most resilient smartphone at the time, the Samsung Galaxy S II, shut down at -40 F. But if you find yourself in such profound cold, you have other priorities than being on your phone.
Apple specifies iOS products are optimal between 32-95 F. The battery can drain faster in colder temperatures, and iPhones will often shut down until they warm up. Most Android phones start to slow down around 20 F.
Gasoline doesn’t have a singular specific freezing temperature. The good news is that most people in most situations don’t need to worry about it.
There’s no way to tell without knowing the gasoline’s exact composition. And nobody, except the refinery, knows that. Each region and refinery has its own seasonal blends, and the crude oil’s origin factor in.
Gas stations in areas with bad winters typically provide fuel that’s more cold resistant.
The big danger with severe cold is having your gas fuel lines freeze because of water vapor in your gas tank. Keeping your fuel tank full during winter will minimize this, because an empty tank will suck in moisture from the atmosphere.
Gasoline with ethanol (usually 10%) in winter is your friend. It absorbs water the way fuel tank additives do.
Diesel fuel is more sensitive to cold. Below about 40 F, certain hydrocarbons in diesel can start to gel (also known as the "cloud point”). Between -18 F and 20 F is the more common cloud point for #2 diesel fuel. Never add gasoline or alcohol to diesel to assist with cold weather operation, as this could damage the fuel injection system.
Fuel economy tests show a gasoline-fueled car’s gas mileage is about 12% lower at 20 F than it would be at 77 F for city driving. It can drop as much as 22% for very short trips (3-4 miles), according to the Energy Department. Hybrids have it worse: fuel economy can drop about 31% to 34% when the batteries get cold.
Sheltering at home:
-Stay inside and keep an eye on the news.
-Stay hydrated and fed.
-Dress warmly or be ready to quickly. Even if it’s warm inside, you might have to get outside on short notice, or the power might go out, along with your heat.
-Let your faucets drip so standing water doesn’t freeze inside the pipes.
-Open cabinets with water pipe access to let warm air circulate.
-Shrink your living space, especially if you lose grid heating. Close off unused or poorly-insulated rooms.
-Avoid lighting candles to reduce fire risk. Candle-related fires happen the most in December, January, and November in that order.
-Keep shovels accessible.
-Shovel snow off important pathways frequently, rather than all at once.
-Stay dry. Wet clothing, especially cotton, will make you feel colder.
-No power usually means no heat and no water at home.
-If all communication is down, use ham radio.
-Your car can be a shelter and source of heat.
Shoveling snow sends more than 11,000 people in the US to the hospital each year, according to the Cleveland Clinic. Most suffer orthopedic injuries, and 7 percent have cardiac problems (many of them heart attacks).
Cold temperatures worsen the risk for heart attacks because arteries constrict and this increases blood pressure. If you have heart attack risk factors, don’t shovel. Hire the kid next door, who probably needs the money anyway.
Don’t over-exert yourself when shoveling snow. Take breaks. Push the snow instead of lifting.
It’s better to spend one hour each over three different chunks instead of one big three hour session — which usually turns into a four hour session because the snow froze and got too heavy while you were waiting inside.
Spray your shovel with cooking spray to make shoveling easier.
Winter emergency car kit checklist:
-Collapsible shovel (also known as an entrenchment tool) to clear snow or break ice
-Ice scraper with brush
-Extra deicing fluid. Even if you top up your washer fluid during maintenance, some people keep extra in the car because they burn through it in the winter or use it to rub down windows other than the windshield.
-Something for tire traction, like salt, tire traction mata, coarse sand, kitty litter
-Flares or road signals
-Battery jumper cables (ideally 20 feet long), or a battery jump starter if you’re unlikely to be near other people
-Hand warmers, either disposable or rechargable
-Wool blankets, sleeping bags, or emergency Mylar pouches in case you need to sleep in your vehicle or outside in the cold
-Warm clothes: layers, gloves, hat. Even if you have some in your GHB, two is better than one.
-Appropriate footwear. Don’t get caught walking home in a snowstorm in your work heels.
-For RWD trucks, add weight to the bed of your truck, which could be accomplished with bags of salt or sand.
If you don’t normally keep your Get Home Bag in your car, you’ll also want to add:
-Stored water and water filter or purifier
-USB charging cable for phone and portable battery backup
-Fire starting tools
-Survival food, like MREs or calorie blocks
-Emergency (Mylar) blankets, bivvy, or cold-rated sleeping bag
-Field knife and/or multitool
-Small medical kit
-Flashlight or headlamp
How to winterize a car:
-Washer fluid: Top up. You don’t want to run out while driving in freezing rain or sleet. Only use fluid that’s cold-weather rated for a minimum -20 F.
-Tires: Make sure they have plenty of tread. If you aren’t sure how to determine this, get them checked out. Many tire stores will do a tread check for free. Alternatively, place a quarter into several tread grooves across the tire. If part of Washington’s head is always covered by the tread, you have more than 4/32 inch of tread depth left, which is OK.
-Tire pressure: Tires lose pressure in the winter because cold air contracts.
-Brakes: If they’re squeaking or feel soft, get them checked. It’s hard enough to stop on icy roads with proper brakes, let alone worn-out ones.
-Battery: Don’t be the unlucky person with a dead winter battery. Some brick-and-mortar retailers will test your battery for free so you know it can still properly hold a charge.
-Oil: Use 5W-30 weight oil, which is common for year-round use.
-Engine air filter: Remove it and hold a lamp or flashlight to it. If you see light through most of the filter, it’s got plenty of life. But if the light is mostly blocked, replace it.
-Coolant: You want a 50-50 mixture of antifreeze and water in the radiator.
-Gas: Don’t run it until it’s empty. Some say to drive in the “top half” of the tank with more frequent refills, so you’re less likely to be caught with little or no fuel. Having a full tank also helps prevent moisture from freezing in the gas lines.
-Belts and hoses: Especially for older vehicles, make sure drive belts aren’t cracked or frayed. Ensure belt clamps aren’t loose.
-Door weather stripping: Wipe the soft, rubbery black strips inside the doors with Armor All or silicone spray lubricant to keep them from freezing shut.
-Snow tires: For regions with heavy winter weather, installing snow tires on all four wheels will give you the best winter traction. Winter tires have more tread patterns and softer rubber compounds than all-season tires. Because they’re softer, they’ll wear faster in warmer driving. All-season tires, combined with safe driving and healthy tread depth, work well in moderate snow conditions. If you anticipate driving on snow, consider replacing your tires when they reach about 4/32 inch of remaining tread depth. Healthy tread depth lets the tires compress the snow in their grooves and release it as the wheel spins.
-Snow chains: Snow chain systems attach to your vehicle’s drive wheels for traction in snow and ice. Most vehicles are capable of wearing chains. However, some cars and trucks have limited clearance between the tire fender. Check your owner’s manual for specifics on what snow chains your car can accept. Chains come in two tread patterns: radial and Z-type. Buy Z-type cable chains, because the pattern zigzags across the tire, ensuring there’s always a chain in contact with the road. It’s the best possible traction for winter conditions, and they work better with anti-lock brakes. Radial chains, while cheaper, have a ladder-type pattern, which makes for a bumpier ride and less chain contact with the road. Chain sizing is based on three measurements indicated on the side of your tire: tire width, tire height ratio (sidewall height as percentage of width), and diameter of the wheel in inches. There are three classes of chains, differentiated by how much tire-to-fender clearance you need. The majority of passenger vehicles accept Class S chains.
Car insurance for winter:
There are three types of auto insurance: liability, collision, and comprehensive. Almost everyone has liability coverage since it’s required by law to cover the damage you cause to other cars.
But many skip the extra expense of comprehensive coverage — which is precisely what can save your bacon in a bad winter storm. Comprehensive will cover non-driving weather damage. If hail pockmarks your hood, or a downed tree limb smashes your windshield, comprehensive kicks in.
Collision coverage will pay for weather-related damage, for example, if you slide off an icy road and crash.
Some drivers in areas with severe winters and moderate summers reduce their coverage in warmer months, then add collision and/or comprehensive in the winter.
Non-exhaustive list of reasons fuel economy is worse in cold and winter weather:
-Engine and transmission friction increases because of cold engine oil and other drivetrain-related fluids.
-4WD or AWD uses more fuel.
-Cold air is more dense, creating more aerodynamic drag on your vehicle.
-It takes longer for your engine to reach its most fuel-efficient temperature.
-Defrosters, heated seats, and heaters use more power.
-Idling to warm up the vehicle gets you 0 mpg.
How to drive in snow and on ice:
-Don’t travel if you can help it. Certainly don’t go out in nasty winter conditions if you don’t have the basic winter car kit supplies.
-Give yourself more time. Many accidents happen when people are careless or in a hurry.
-Drive more defensively. Assume other people are horrible drivers. Leave more space between cars.
-Look in your rear view mirrors when stopped, in case someone is going to slide into your rear.
-Keep your low beam lights on. Avoid high beams because they create glare.
-Brake sooner and more gradually, especially on slopes.
-If you have to go up a steep but straight hill, build controlled momentum at the base and try not to stop mid-way.
-If you feel like you’re slipping backwards down a scary hill, try to put the car sideways into the shoulder/ditch before you pick up too much speed.
-Don’t brake while turning. Slow down before the turn, then turn.
-Accelerate gradually so you don’t spin out.
-Try to avoid complete stops. Don’t roll through stop signs, but do slow to a roll before the red light or stop sign so you can keep up the momentum.
-If you are driving a stick, use the engine to help control your speed. Start from stops in second gear — your tires will move more slowly, which boosts traction.
-The reason some bridges have ice warning signs is because the underside of the bridge is exposed to the air, which makes the road colder and more likely to freeze.
-Practice winter driving.
-If you lose control of the vehicle, steer the wheel towards the direction you want to go.
-Understeer skids happen when the front tires lose traction and your vehicle is unable to complete a turn. This usually happens when you’re going too fast around a corner. To correct understeer, take your foot off the accelerator, gently apply the brakes and steer in the direction you want to go. This correction goes against natural instinct and takes considerable room to perform.
-Oversteer skids happen when the rear tires lose grip, making the back end start to slide sideways. It’s called an oversteer because your nose has gone too far in the direction you were turning. To correct oversteer, accelerate gently while steering in the direction you want to go. Smooth acceleration will cause a weight transfer to the rear wheels and help regain grip. In a rear wheel drive vehicle, oversteer can be caused by too much acceleration.
-Don’t jerk the wheel or you might fishtail. The key to recovering from a counterskid is to always use slight steering adjustments to keep your wheels pointed down the road in the direction of travel.
-If you’re sliding and your car has anti-lock brakes, press down on the brake firmly. If you feel it pulsing, that’s fine - it’s pumping the brakes for you.
-If you’re sliding and you do NOT have anti-lock brakes, you will need to pump the brakes. The rhythm is similar to a heartbeat.
This concludes Part B of our Winter Weather / Extreme Preparedness Workshop
Reminder this is coming from above ♂